July 15th, 2019
Sudan APPG Briefing on Justice and Reconciliation in Sudan
Monday, July 8th briefing:
Speaker: Al-Marith Idris- Representative of the UMMA Party
- 9/16 states in Sudan have experienced intense war
- Rapid Support Force (RSF) – 20-40,000 formed in 2014. Formally the Janjaweed (the Janjaweed also has hubs in Chad +Ethiopia)
- All tribes in South Kordofan are armed and ready to go
- The constitution of Sudan has been re-written to include a Bill of Rights (human rights)
Speaker: Sara Abeljalil- Sudanese Professional Association spokesperson
- The revolution has two parts.
- The first part focuses on the injustice of Sudan over the last 30 years
- The second part focuses on the situation today.
- A lack of healthcare is destroying Sudan
- At the moment-, we have a power-sharing agreement. It is not ideal but it’s better than nothing. We have hope but we also have fear. Sudan has a huge youth homicide problem as people have zero access to healthcare.
- We are concerned about children in conflict zones suffering from malnutrition, Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) for girls, children under the age of 17 joining the RSF- this is all concerning.
- How will legal justice take place when there is no independent legal system in place?
- We want the British government and the UN to help the African Union (AU) to achieve justice from the Sudanese government!
- There is an internet blackout still- Janjaweed are patrolling in 11 states- why is this? What are they preparing for?
- If we achieve justice and fairness, there will be no revenge
- Things will go back to square one if we think that the war has been won.
- Milestones should be set and achieved by the British government.
- The population need justice and accountability in order to trust the regime.
Speaker: Josie Fathers- Advocacy Officer, REDRESS
- 816 at least have been arrested since December
- 128 have been killed
- Over 80 have been sexually assaulted
- Key areas for a path to reconciliation
- Reparations for victims of torture and human rights abuses
- Restoration= releasing political prisoners
- Damages and compensation
- Satisfaction- setting up a truth sharing forum- or a public apology
- Institutional reform
- A model idea for the path to reconciliation
- The UK should not be a safe haven for war criminals- they should be arrested upon arrival in the UK.
- The UK should assist the efforts of the International Criminal Court (ICC) indictment of Bashir
- Bashir should be tried in The Hague
- The ICC said they don’t know if they’ll go in and get al-Bashir once there is a civilian government
- Nobody knows of al-Bashir’s whereabouts
- The statute of Rome says that if al-Bashir does not surrender, the ICC should be summoned to Khartoum to try him there.
- We would like Sudanese human rights lawyers to be trained by the ICC- we want to get the transitional military council (TMC) to tell the ICC to set up an office in Khartoum- to help with indictment proceedings and the ICC could further collect first hand evidence
- The TMC us a continuation of the old regime- some of them should also be tried for war crimes. Al-Bashir must be tried to set the standard for accountability.
- Members of the TMC instructed the Janjaweed to commit war crimes- so there is a conflict of interest as they won’t push trials out of fear of themselves
- We have never achieved peace because of a lack of justice, no stakeholder consultation of demands and no democracy.
What has the British government done to support protesters? What help have they provided in the protest situation?
- Some counselling and trauma support has been provided through DFID- to relatives, victims, staff who have witnessed
- Sudanese diaspora have been providing ‘rescue boxes’
- There is no ambulance/medical support in the protest
- The Khartoum process must be debated in parliament
- SARA– I don’t want my tax payer money going to support the RSF who are killing my people
< All News