Nagorno Karabakh

A mountainous enclave in the South Caucasus

Nagorno Karabakh is often described as a battleground between two warring parties: Armenia and Azerbaijan. Each claim absolute historic ownership of the region. It has geopolitical significance to regional powers Russia, Turkey and Iran and to other states including France and the USA – all of whom claim to play their part as mediators in the peacebuilding process.

The territory straddles a deep religious divide, separating the historically-Christian world from the Muslim world, on the border of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. For decades, this division has represented an ‘axis of instability’ that runs from the Balkans, through Turkey to Central Asia. History has proved there are no quick fixes to these complex divides.

Nagorno Karabakh has endured many years of political turmoil and economic neglect, with two major wars erupting in the early 1990s and 2020. The crisis reached a point of no return in December 2022, when Azerbaijan enforced a nine-month blockade of the Lachin Corridor, which prevented Armenian residents from accessing fuel, food and life-saving medication. Azerbaijan’s final military offensive began on 19 September 2023. It culminated in the exodus of more than 100,000 ethnic Armenians.

Local Partner

Lady Cox Disability Rehabilitation Centre

An internationally-recognised ‘Centre of Excellence’, this health facility provided hope and healing in Nagorno Karabakh for 25 years.

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In a region with few resources and little infrastructure to support those with disabilities, the Rehab Centre ensured that disabled people were given the opportunity to live fulfilling, healthy and happy lives.

20 Years of the Lady Cox Rehabilitation Centre

Inspirational stories of hope and healing from inside Nagorno Karabakh

Help our local partners realise their vision of hope for their communities